Ch25 Key Questions

8 Feb

1. The Latin American States were successful in shaking off their colonial past via the introduction of new governments, mostly republican governments. In addition, slavery ended, and the economies were no longer under the jurisdiction of Europe. However, there were several aspects of colonial life that could not be shaken off. The sociedad de castas was the biggest remnant of colonial rule. Although some mestizos had risen to leadership roles in the wars of independence, the old color distinctions did not appear easily. In some countries, the large Indian population remained mostly outside of national political life.

2. Latin American nations and true colonies conceived through imperialism were different and similar at the same time. In many ways, Latin America, like most true colonies, was in a state of economic dependence where the export of raw materials and markets were dependent on the west. In many cases, the West owned or exerted a strong influence on industries. However,  a true colony is one in which a small number of Europeans ruled over a large population of natives. Latin America can’t be defined as such because many natives died out. Those that remained intermarried with whites, producing a race of mestizos. The Latin American culture was a different one altogether than the Western true colony.

3. The US entered the social and political affairs of Latin America through the American Revolution, The Monroe doctrine, and the Spanish-American War. The first intrusion, though unintentional, was the American Revolution. As the first revolution against the European mother country, the American Revolution provided the model for colonial rebellion. The first intentional intrusion of the US into Latin American affairs was the Monroe doctrine. This document warned against interference in the region from Europe. America stated that it was in charge of affairs in the Americas, and that Europe had no business interfering. The door was fully opened after the Spanish-American war. Through this war, Cuba and Puerto Rico were reduced to dependencies of the US, as they remain today.

 

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