Chapter 28 Study Guide

27 Feb
I posted this first, so if someone else *cough*sahil*cough*awais*cough has the same one they copied me
  1. The Treaty of Versailles crippled Germany. It lost land to Poland, France, Belgium, and Denmark, in addition to all its colonies, it’s army was severely reduced, and Germany had to accept all the blame for the war and pay huge reparations. This angered the people of Germany who felt that the treaty was unfair. Hitler as able to rise to power by promising that he would reverse the humiliation caused by the treaty of Versailles. He started out by stopping reparations, then he began invading German-speaking parts of Europe, to add land to Germany. Hitler’s invasion of Poland is what started World War II. Until then, other countries were just hoping that Hitler would go away, as they were hesitant to enter another war, when the last one had been so devastating.
  2. After World War II, many former colonies began to gain independence. From 1946-1970, first in Asia, then in Africa and other areas, almost all former Western colonies won independence. When Europe fought in the World War, its colonies began to question why they didn’t get the same values of independence as Britain. However, it was not only loss of colonies that weakened Europe. War weakened Western Europe in the world by sapping its strength and then replacing its leadership with that of the new superpowers. The rise of the United States was particularly strong in the global economy.
  3. The impact of World War I on the European economy led to several rocky years into the early 1920’s. War-induced inflation was a particular problem in Germany, where prices soared daily and ordinary purchases took huge amounts of currency. These dissents lead to the rise of the Nazi’s. Farmers throughout the western world faced almost chronic overproduction of food and resulting low prices. This is because production went up in wartime, but now that the war was over, there was too little demand and too much supply. Production often exceeded demand, which drove prices down in other parts of the world, such as Africa and Latin America. This was especially devastating for Africa and Latin America, as they were dependent economies.The stage was set for the Great Depression.
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