Ch 29 study guide

4 Mar

1. Culturally, the Americas influenced the Europeans for the most part in architecture. New materials, such as concrete and glass, led architects away from the tradition to a more modern realm. Soaring structures, free-floating columns, and new combinations of angles and curves characterized leading Western buildings in the 20th century. The most widely-spread of these was the skyscraper – first constructed in America. Politically, Europeans generally modeled the trend in the United States. Right after the great Depression, America was increasingly transformed into a welfare state, and Europe followed. This pattern continued decades later, when President Ronald Reagan and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher both worked to dismantle the welfare state in America and Britain, respectively.

2. By the end of the Cold War, the United States had triumphed over Russia as the predominant Superpower. As a result, its influence stretched over the world, and it became a key player in foreign affairs. The Cold War brought new pressures from the United States on internal and foreign policy. The Americans had vital negotiating leverage in the economic aid they offered, the troops they stationed in Europe, and the nuclear umbrella they developed. The nuclear weapons seemed to offer the only realistic protection against a direct Soviet attack. Western European grew comfortable in their reliance on US protection.

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