Chapter 30 study guide

9 Mar
  1. New youth movements, women’s groups, and particularly organizations of workers arose. Family policy fluctuated, stressing the importance of the individual at times and stressing the importance of the family unit at others. There was a rapid spread of education, along it the educational and propaganda activities sponsored by various adult groups. The new educational system was also bent on reshaping popular culture away from older peasant traditions, especially religion, and towards beliefs in communist political analysis and science. Access to new information, new modes of inquiry, and new values promoted controversy
  2. The Soviet Union became a full industrial society between the 1920s and the 1950s. State control of nearly all economic sectors was one key element. It didn’t develop the kind of consumer society that came to characterize the west. This was the major difference –people in the Soviet Union had to wait in long lines to obtain desired goods, which were often in poor quality. This was a stark contrast to American consumerism, which drove the economy. In America, due to more trade and less government control, there was more competition which let to competitive prices and better goods. Whereas in Russia there was no one to compete against, so companies could get away with producing low quality goods
  3. In the 1980s, the economy of the Soviet Union started to deteriorate. This was for several reasons. First, the environment was severely damaged due to forced industrialization. Next, a new leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, rose, but he opened the Soviet Union to the outside world for trade. Reform, amid continued economic stagnation, provoked agitation among minority nationalities from 1988 onwards. Many groups broke off to form their own country. These conflicts still continued until recently, with the unrest in the Balkans. Finally in 1991, the Soviet Union was replaced by a lose union of the successor republics. The Russian Federation arose from this. This was the beginning of the end for the Soviet Union, once a world power.

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