Ch 31 Key Questions

21 Mar
  1. The end of World War II greatly affected the political map of the Pacific Rim states. The Republic of Korea was divided between a Russian zone of occupation in the north and an American zone of occupation in the South. Taiwan was restored to China. The United States regained the Philippines but pledged to grant independence quickly, retaining some key military bases. European powers restored controls over their holdings in Vietnam, Malaya, and Indonesia. Japan was occupied by American forces bent on introducing major changes that would prevent a recurrence of military aggression. Japan’s military was disbanded, and it was given a new constitution. Japan’s political , economic, and military structures were all restructured. In fact, Japan’s government was soon monopolized by the Liberal Democratic Party.
  2. There were causes that accounted for the common theme of growth in the Pacific Rim. The Pacific Rim states all stressed group loyalties against excessive individualism or protest and in support of hard work. Confucian morality often was used, implicitly or explicitly, as part of this effort. They also shared reliance on government planning and direction amid limitations on dissent and instability. In addition, these states maintained a strong neo-Confucian emphasis on the importance of conservative politics and a strong state.  This common ideology led to common patterns. All of the above reasons account for the common theme of growth in the Pacific Rim.

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