Ch 32 key questions

29 Mar
  1. In Latin America there were and continue to be many political, economic, and social problems.  After going through a period of many ruler changes, Mexico finally became a democracy under Obregon. ARPA, a political party that combined fascism, nationalism, and socialism became dominant in Peru. Brazil was ruled by an authoritarian president. Argentina was a battle ground for the poor Peronists and their military-supported governments. Cuba became communist. Guatemala struggled to rid itself of US influence (The United Fruit company). Mexico was the most successful. The most successful approach to politcial issues were those closest to the West’s models.  Economic issues resulted because of the Great Depression.  Before the Depression the U.S especially and some European countries imported goods and invested in Latin America.  Latin America had no real internal economy so they were completely dependent upon the world economy.  Once they were no longer having money from other countries they were at a great loss and the standards of living decreased significantly.
  2. The United States had on and off hands on the Latin American countries.  After WWI the U.S. emerged as the most  powerful external force  in Latin America.  The Latin American countries heavily relied on the U.S. for their economic stability. However once the Great Depression hit the U.S.was no longer able to provide this once before strong support of Latin America, and had a period of little contact with them The United States invaded Cuba and Puerto Rico, and controlled Guatemala through the Untied Fruit Company. Direct intervention was practiced for the most part. After 1933, President Roosevelt introduced the “Good Neighbor Policy” which promised to deal with Latin American more fairly and to stop direct intervention. However, this failed and the US eventually succumbed to supporting democratic/anticommunist governments, and direct intervention.
  3. Increasingly militarily oriented regimes began to take over rule in Latin America, not only because they could but because they believed that they were best suited/educated. The soldiers began to see themselves as above the selfish interests of political parties and as the true representatives of the nation. With technical training and organizational skills, military officers by the 1920s and 1930s believed that they were best equipped to solve their nation’s problems, even if it meant sacrificing the democratic process and imposing martial law. Their governments were supposed to stand above the competing demands of various sectors and establish economic stability.  In many ways the military governments were succesul, but no one living under their rule is happy because they were considered too harsh.

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